Development of an Optimization Model for the Design of Mechanical Treatment Processes Under Final Product Constraints
© Wasteconsult international (5/2017)
Municipal solid waste containing high organic content and recyclable contaminants requires the integration of resource recovery technologies to reduce the amount of waste sent to landfill. This paper presents the development of an optimization model for the design of mechanical waste treatment plants.

Co-incineration in cement plants
© Wasteconsult international (5/2017)
Over the last decades the German cement industry has gained lots of experience in the use of alternative fuels in the clinker burning process.

Framework conditions for co-combustion of RDF in the power plant industry
© Wasteconsult international (5/2017)
Thermal reuse of refuse-derived fuels (RDF) in lignite-fired power plants makes an essential contribution to ensuring waste disposal in Germany.

Solid Recovered Fuel – Optimization of Plants in the Polish Economic Reality
© Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben (11/2016)
Waste management and district heating systems, especially in scope of smaller facilities, require a thorough modernization. In addition, the existing model of these systems, especially for small and medium-territorial units, is not able to meet new requirements of the EU policy in the field of resources and energy efficiency. It is therefore necessary to seek for the new model which quality will be closer to the requirements of the overall strategy of the European Commission, whose key elements includes the impact of the project on the social prosperity and the preservation of the principles of sustainable development.

Manufacturing of Solid Recovered Fuels (SRF) for Energy Recovery Processes
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (9/2016)
This contribution describes manufacturing processes and quality of three types of Solid Recovered Fuels – i.e. SRF low quality, SRF medium quality and SRF premium quality – that are used in energy recovery plants. In total, two case studies are reported. First case study is about the external processing and confectioning of non-hazardous household, industrial and commercial mixed wastes as well as the internal treatment and homogenisation of various waste fractions at the incineration plant for production of SRF low quality that is utilized in a Waste to Energy (WtE) stationary Fluidized Bed Incinerator. In the second case study, production of SRF medium quality and SRF premium quality that are used for substitution of primary fuels like coal and petrol coke in the cement kiln is described. Finally, data on SRF quality of all three investigated waste types will be summarized and discussed.

Complex Approach towards the Assessment of Waste-to-Energy Plants’ Future Potential
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (9/2016)
There is a fierce debate ongoing about future recycling targets for municipal solid waste (MSW) at the European level. The old linear concept of waste management is being changed into a circular economy. Since the separation yield and post-recycling MSW (later on residual solid waste, RSW) production have an opposite relationship, assuming the constant production of particular components (paper, plastics etc.), lower RSW rates are also expected. This is having a negative effect on Waste-to-energy (WtE); especially in terms of its future optimum capacity in particular countries.

Mechanical-Biological Treatment Plant in Hanover, Germany – Experience in Mechanical Processing, Anaerobic Digestion and Refuse Derived Fuel Quality –
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (12/2015)
The Hanover mechanical-biological treatment (MBT) plant can look back on 15 years of operator´s experience. The mechanical treatment facility has been working largely without any issues due to the simple technique and the comfortable redundancy and design. The biological treatment facility faces growing damage due to ageing of materials, which is accelerated by microbiological attack, and corrosive and abrasive ingredients in the residual waste. Comprehensive maintenance, renovation and replacement measures are planned.

Production of Solid Recovered Fuels (SRF) in the ThermoTeam Plant in Retznei, Austria – Experience, Quality and Quality Assurance of SRF –
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (12/2015)
In present chapter, the Austrian waste management system, including position and role of the alternative fuel production plant ThermoTeam as well as legal requirements on SRF quality together with quality assurance measures are described.

Cost Optimization through Use of Flexible Grate Systems in Combination with Modern Boiler Concepts
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (12/2015)
Old method, new approach: for customer-oriented solutions. The demands on innovative grate technologies mean to explore the full potential of available technology and to push the technical boundaries further.

Concepts for Processing Solid Recovered Fuels of Different Waste Origins for Waste-to-Energy Plants
© TK Verlag - Fachverlag für Kreislaufwirtschaft (11/2014)
Waste-to-energy plants represent a major building block in a coordinated waste management system. To make the best use of the energy content in waste, the alternative fuels recovered are used in the most varied plants. The applications range from the main burner in a cement plant to the traditional grate combustion plant. In line with this, the preparation processes are also very heavily dependent on the requirements – parameters – of the relevant fuel, taking into account its area of application.

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