Supercritical water gasification in pilot-scale unit ZAHYKORMA
© Wasteconsult international (5/2017)
A pilot-scale experimental unit for the tests of the supercritical water gasification is being operated in the Czech Republic.

Production of activated carbons from biomass waste for environmental applications
© Wasteconsult international (5/2017)
The production of activated carbon from olive residue using carbon dioxide is studied in a new microreactor system.

Effective Odour Control with the CSO TerminodourTM System
© Wasteconsult international (5/2017)
Unpleasant odours are again and again controversial subject in the discussion with local residents at certain sites (often waste treatment and biogas plants). But also employees are not always happy with the situation at such plants. Terminodou rTM can help here.

Challenges for an accurate characterization of waste
© Wasteconsult international (5/2017)
Currently, Brazil is generating an amount of 80 million tons per year of municipal solid waste, from which 42% are still deposited on illegal dumps and 58% on sanitary landfills.

A method for forecasting waste quantities
© Wasteconsult international (5/2017)
We present a method for forecasting annual waste quantities. The method is based on calculating material specific annual growth rates from trend analyses of time series.

A New Methodical Approach for Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Related to MSW Landfills in Russia
© Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben (11/2016)
Nowadays, the most widespread method of MSW disposal in Russia is landfilling, using the most primitive landfilling technology. On an average, only 3-4 % of municipal solid waste is recycled, but the majority of waste is taken to dumps — there are about 11 thousand in Russia with an area of more than 11,000 hectares of land. About 82 billion tons of waste is buried in them. This fact requires that a full-fledged and accurate assessment of this activity and its influence on Environment has to be carried out before its implementation.

New Sampling Technique for Coarse Waste Materials from Bales
© Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben (11/2016)
Environmental analysis has to deal with the possible sources of error. It is known that the process of sampling is the major source of error (up to 90 % of the total error). The sampling error is scarcely considered, while the insignificant analysis error is included with up to three decimals. However, there are not yet any effective methods to reduce the sampling error, mainly because of the inhomogeneous properties of waste. The aim of the project was to improve the sampling process with the same or an even higher accuracy of the analysis results.

Improved Eco-Design of Lithium-Ion Battery Packs for Simplifying the Recycling Process
© Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben (11/2016)
Due to the increasing numbers of lithium-ion batteries in electric cars as well as in electric and electronic equipment, the design and recycling of batteries is gaining increasing importance. This fact demands for an efficient and holistic battery concept as well as a future concept for recycling and treatment.

A System Model of the Recycling of Critical Raw Materials from Wastes and By-Products in Austria
© Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben (11/2016)
The development of the high-technology industry plays an important role for the economic growth particularly in industrialized countries. This industry has a big demand on raw materials which are considered critical due to their economic importance and their associated supply risk (e.g., REE, gallium, germanium, PGE and tantalum). Subsumed under the collective term critical raw materials (CRMs), 14 of these materials were first defined by the Resource Initiative of the European Commission in 2010 and have been updated to 20 in 2014, since the supply with CRMs is crucial for European economies. In consequence the Austrian economic location, being part of the European economic area with a developing high-technology industry also depends in CRMs. Therefore also the Austrian Ministry for Transport, Innovation and Technology defined a specific list of materials that are critical or potentially critical for the country and the future manufacture of technological products as well.

Material vs. Energy Recovery – An Assessment Using Computational Tools NERUDA and JUSTINE
© Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben (11/2016)
The paper describes a continuing work on a unique approach of a Waste-to-Energy (WtE) Project assessment and related risk analysing. It is based on long time developed computational tools NERUDA and JUSTINE which support decision making in the field of waste Management.

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