Wind Farm Development in the Belgian Part of the North Sea: A Policy Odyssey without Precedent
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (12/2012)
Belgium has a coastline of 65 km and a territorial sea and continental shelf of 3 600 km,2 thus making it the smallest maritime area in North-West Europe. The Belgian marine environment is intensively used by different actors, competing with each other for limited space. Activities include recreation and tourism, shipping, fisheries, dredging, military activities, laying of cables and pipelines and mineral extraction.
Innovative Drinking Water Softening forms the Basis for a Joint European Project
© DIV Deutscher Industrieverlag GmbH (9/2012)
As part of the cross-border EU-subsidised project “Safeguarding the water supply in the German-Luxembourg border area”, the three neighbouring water supply associations along the River Mosel (SIDERE (Luxembourg), Verbandsgemeindewerke Konz (VGW Konz, Germany) and water supply Saar-Obermosel (WSO, Germany)) have agreed a joint action plan in order to guarantee the supply of water in the future. To this end, the hydraulic capacity of the existing central drinking water treatment plant Wasserliesch (VGW Konz) had to be extended, and the approximately 30 year-old plant had to be fully renovated to reflect the current state of the art.
Restrictions on Fisheries in the Multi-Level System of Governance (‘Cascade System’) in Light of EU Law
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (10/2011)
Overfishing has very negative consequences for the food web; not only for the ‘target species’ but for the marine ecosystem as a whole. It also impacts on biodiversity, which must be preserved and, where necessary, restored. The establishment of protected areas is currently one of the instruments recognised as a means to facilitate the con-servation of marine ecosystems.
Petroleum Coke Fly Ash Use for Heavy Metals Removal from Acid Wastewaters
© Lehrstuhl für Abfallverwertungstechnik und Abfallwirtschaft der Montanuniversität Leoben (11/2010)
This work is focused on the characterizationof a Chilean petroleum coke fly ash (PCFA) from circulated fluidized bed combustion (CFCB), and its potential use in Cu2+ and Pb2+ removal from acid wastewaters (pH 4). CFBC-PCFA presents a high Ca and SO3 content, being anhydrite the major crystalline mineral phase. Regarding to their environmental characterization, despite of its high Ni and V content, leaching tests allowed concluding that CFBC-PCFA is a non-hazardous residue. Heavy metals removal tests indicate that CFBC-PCFA is able to remove Cu2+ and Pb2+ mainly due to a precipitation process, at high liquid to solid ratios. According to these results, CFBC-PCFA may be used to remove heavy metals and neutralize acid wastewaters, suggesting a possible replacement of pure and costly alkaline materials.
Global microbiological quality criteria for treated wastewater reuse in agricultural irrigation
© Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (6/2009)
The reuse of treated wastewater is considered henceforth necessary but also effective solution in water-scarce areas of the world for the confrontation of increased water demand. The application of reuse of treated wastewater presupposes right planning based on the protection of population and environment according to enacted specifications of wastewater treatment plant effluent quality.
Land degradation due to diapirs in Iran, case study: Hableh-Rood Drainage Basin, East of Tehran
© Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (6/2009)
Different geological characteristics play role in land degradation in Iran which are:
1-The abundance of Neogene evaporitic marly formations around and in desertic depression. These units have had important role in the formation of present landforms, are saline, alkaline and erodible and degrade the quality of water resources as diffuse and widespread sources.
2- The presence of numerous diapirs, some of which are salt domes consisting of halite.
Stockholm Water Week Side Event
© European Water Partnership (8/2007)
This EWP Side Event featured a high level panel discussion on the business response to
the increasing need for water and energy, followed by a discussion between the
audience and the members of the panel.
Tools for evaluating waste treatment processes – Methods and results
© VDI-Gesellschaft Verfahrenstechnik und Chemieingenieurwesen (11/2006)
For some time, the Committee of Experts on Waste Treatment and Materials Recovery by the German Association of Engineers (VDI) has been dealing intensively with the following issue: How can the sustainability of different waste treatment processes be evaluated transparently and comprehensibly?
The European Union’s Approach to Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (4/2005)
Although the Kyoto Protocol only came into force in February of this year, the European Union, both collectively and at Member State level, has over ten years’ experience debating, agreeing and implementing climate change-related policies. It is both the lively domestic dialogue and the commitment to international coordinated action that has put Europe into a leadership position in climate change policy.