A Sociological Checklist for Assessing Environmental Health Risks
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (3/2014)
The contribution of social sciences to risk assessment has often been confined to dimensions of risk perception and communication. This article relates an effort to promote knowledge from the social sciences that addresses other dimensions of risk issues. A sociological checklist produced for ANSES in France helps to identify and analyse social dimensions that should be given attention during the process of risk assessment.
Employment Impact Assessment Studies – Is There a Best Approach to Assess Employment Impacts of RET Deployment?
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (8/2013)
The use of renewable energy (RE) sources plays a significant role in increasing the security of energy supply and mitigating climate change. Whereas these roles are undisputed, there is an ongoing discussion about the employment impacts of promoting RE deployment. So far no common methodological approach has been developed on how to assess employment impacts of RE deployment. This paper represents the result of a project (IEA-RETD), which intention is to elaborate guidelines for the assessment of employment impacts and to provide insights on impact mechanisms for modelling RE deployment effects. Therefore, the different focus of gross and net impact assessment studies is elucidated and relevant aspects of these studies are discussed. Further, a few selected methodological approaches for impact assessment studies are outlined as well as the results of the recommended assessment approach are briefly presented.
Less Ice, More Talk: The Benefits and Burdens for Arctic Communities of Consultations Concerning Development Activities
© Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (6/2012)
The Arctic Ocean is rapidly losing summer sea ice, opening opportunities for economic development such as commercial shipping, mining, and oil and gas development. These activities entail the risk of cultural, social, and environmental impacts. In the United States and Canada, consultation processes have developed to give local residents a voice in assessing potential impacts and consequent decisions concerning development activities. In Greenland, consultation procedures are being developed as part of a larger environmental impact assessment system. The experience from Alaska and Canada shows that management decisions that incorporate a consultation process are preferable to decisions being made elsewhere with little or no local input. At the same time, current U.S. and Canadian consultation processes require a great deal of time and effort, and the influence of local input on final decisions is often unclear. We review examples from Alaska, the Northwest Territories, and Greenland, and find that two assessments are warranted. First, the burdens of consultation on local communities should be evaluated. Second, the degree to which local input influences final decisions should be examined, in part to determine whether the effort expended is worthwhile. In both cases, a key result of the assessment should be recommendations for improved practices to make clear how local input is used.
Energy Directive 2009/28/EC of 23 April 2009
© AIRE (Adapting and installing an international vocational training for renewable energy) (1/2012)
Directive on promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources and ... on the qualified labour needed in order to implement this directive.